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Louisa County Sheriff's Office

Animal Control Division


Louisa County Sheriff's Office - Animal Control Officers(ACOs) are employed by the Sheriff's Office to enforce all state laws and county ordinances for the protection of domestic and agricultural animals. An ACO receives training governed by the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services(VDACS) and the State Veterinarian Office.

The primary function of a Louisa County Sheriff's Office Animal Control Officer is to help protect county residents and their pets, and doing this while dealing with pets and animals as humanely as possible.

Frequently Asked Questions



What do Animal Control Officers do?

Animal Control Officer duties include:

  • Enforcement of State Laws and County Codes that pertain to domestic and agricultural animals
  • Investigation of animal cruelty complaints
  • Investigation of dog attacks or bites to humans and animals
  • Responding to emergency calls involving sick or serious injured domestic and agricultural animals
  • Removal of stray domestic and agricultural animals from residences, roadways, and other public areas
  • Responding to calls to check the welfare of domestic and agricultural animals
  • Responding to all other miscellaneous animal related calls

Back to Questions

What are the hours of service for Animal Control?

Typical Animal Control hours of service:
  • Monday - Saturday 07:00am - 5:00pm
  • Emergency Callouts 24 hours a day / 7 days a week.
  • To contact Animal Control call 540-967-1234

Back to Questions

Are Animal Control and the Animal Shelter the same thing?

No. Animal Control is a division of the Sheriff's Office, while the Animal Shelter is run by the County of Louisa under General Services. Back to Questions

What kinds of things should I report and how do I make a report?


  • To make a report call the Louisa County Sheriff's Office non-emergency dispatch number at (540)967-1234

  • Types of report-including but not limited to
    • Dog bites
    • Animal cruelty or neglect
    • Sick or injured domestic and agricultural animals
    • Human exposure/encounters with potentially rabid animals of any kind
Back to Questions

Is there a leash law in Louisa County?

Louisa County has a leash law in effect throughout the entire county from April 1st- June 30th.

For the purposes of this section, a dog shall be deemed to "run at large", while such dog is roaming, or self-hunting off the property of its owner or custodian and not under its owner's or custodians immediate control; provided, that no dog shall be deemed to be running at large in violation of this section if it shall be engaged in lawful hunting outside of such subdivision under the direction of its owner or custodian and shall thereafter stray into such subdivision; provided, that such owner or custodian shall place such dog under his immediate control within a reasonable time.

Areas and Subdivisions of Louisa County that have a leash law all year long:

The running at-large of all dogs at any time is prohibited within the confines of the following subdivisions:
  • Town of Louisa
  • Town of Mineral
  • Blue Ridge Shores
  • Aspen Hill
  • Dogwood Lakes Estates
  • Both Waters
  • Edgewood Bay
  • Overton Fork
  • Shorewood
  • Bluewater
  • Hickory Creek Acres
  • Noahs Landing
  • Freshwater Estates
  • Contrary Creek
  • Willow Brook Estates
  • Hidden Hills
  • Oak Grove Estates
  • Orchid Lake Estates
  • Reedy Creek
  • Tara Woods
  • Mineral Trailer Park
Back to Questions

What is the penalty for violation of the County Leash Law?


According to Louisa Code Sec. 14-45(3), violation of the leash ordinance is a class 4 misdemeanor. In addition, for violation of the subdivision leash ordinance any person who permits his dog to run at large in violation of this section shall be subject to a fine of not more than $100.00 for each occurrence.

Back to Questions

What happens after an animal is picked up by an ACO?
Back to Questions

What should I do if my dog is missing?
Back to Questions

What do I need to know about rabies in Louisa County?

Learn more about the rabies virus.

Back to Questions

Do I need to have a license for my dog?

Dog licenses are mandatory in Louisa County. A license will ensure quick identification and reunion if your dog becomes lost or missing. Back to Questions

How and where do I get a dog license?
  • Dog licenses can be purchased from the Louisa County Treasures Office.
  • No license fee is charged to the owner of service dogs.
  • The fees for dog licenses are:
    • Male or Female - Unsterilized: $10
    • Male or Female - Sterilized: $4
    • Kennel License - up to 20 dogs: $45
    • Kennel License - up to 50 dogs: $50
  • To obtain a dog license you must have the following:
    • A current certificate of rabies vaccination
    • Proof the dog has been Sterilized(spayed or neutered)
    • Cash or a check made payable to County of Louisa
  • Mail or hand-deliver the required paperwork and check to:

Back to Questions

What are the penalties for an un-licensed dog?

Penalties for an un-licensed dog:
  • A class IV misdemeanor
  • Up to $250 fine
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When should wildlife encounters be reported?

Louisa County Animal Control Officers will respond to the following wildlife encounters/emergencies:
  • Wildlife in a home or business that poses a threat to humans or pets
  • Encounters between humans or domestic animals that could result in rabies exposures
  • When wildlife poses an immediate threat to humans or pets
Back to Questions



What sorts of wildlife/domestic animal incidents should NOT be reported to Animal Control?


Louisa County Animal Control Officers do NOT respond to the following:

  • Calls reporting wildlife nuisances
  • When wildlife poses no real threat to humans or pets.
    • Examples:
      • Wild animals living under decks, storage sheds, porches
      • Wild animals living in populated areas
      • Wild animals in attics, basements, garages and sheds
      • Wildlife has damaged gardens, flower beds or shrubs
Back to Questions

How can I best prepare to care for my pets in the event of an emergency?


Preparing to care for your pets in an emergency:

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