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Louisa County Sheriff's Office

Animal Control Division

Louisa County Sheriff's Office - Animal Control Officers get involved in a wide array of encounters between animals and humans; whether it's a report of stray dogs, cows in the roadway, raccoons roaming around in living rooms, or possums poking into trashcans. Animal Control Officers are trained law enforcement officers responsible for enforcing county ordinances and state laws, which pertain to animals and their treatment.

The primary function of a Louisa County Sheriff's Office Animal Control Officer is to help protect county residents and their pets, and doing this while dealing with pets and animals as humanely as possible.

Frequently Asked Questions

What do Animal Control Officers do?

Animal Control Officer duties include:

  • Enforcement of county codes and state laws that pertain to domestic, as well as wild animals
  • Investigation of animal cruelty complaints
  • Investigation of dog attacks or bites to humans and animals
  • Response to emergencies involving sick or seriously injured domestic animals, including potential human exposure to the rabies virus
  • Removal of stray dogs / livestock from streets and other public areas
  • Response to reports of dog attacks on livestock

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What are the hours of service for Animal Control?

Animal Control Section hours of service:
  • Seven days a week
  • 7 a.m.- 5:00 p.m. call 540-967-1234 to report an incident. Emergency Callouts 24 hours a day.
  • Animal Shelter, 10am - 3 pm Tuesday-Saturday
  • More information: 540-894-4219 Fax 540-894-4348
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How do I report an incident and what sorts of incidents should I report?

Call the Louisa County Sheriff's Office non-emergency dispatch number at 540-967-1234 to report:

  • Dog bites
  • Animal cruelty or neglect
  • Sick or injured wildlife
  • Human exposure/encounters with potentially rabid wildlife or pets
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Is there a leash law in Louisa County?

Louisa County has a leash law in effect throughout the entire county from April 1- June 30.

Areas and Subdivisions of Louisa County that have a leash law all year long:

For the purposes of this section, a dog shall be deemed to run at large while such dog is roaming, or self-hunting off the property of its owner or custodian and not under its owner's or custodians immediate control; provided, that no dog shall be deemed to be running at large in violation of this section if it shall be engaged in lawful hunting outside of such subdivision under the direction of its owner or custodian and shall thereafter stray into such subdivision; provided, that such owner or custodian shall place such dog under his immediate control within a reasonable time.

The running at-large of all dogs at any time is prohibited within the confines of the following subdivisions:
  • Town of Louisa
  • Town of Mineral
  • Blue Ridge Shores - Green Springs Magisterial District
  • Aspen Hill - Mineral Magisterial District
  • Dogwood Lakes Estates - Green Springs Magisterial District
  • Both Waters - Cuckoo Magisterial District
  • Edgewood Bay - Mineral Magisterial District
  • Overton Fork - Cuckoo Magisterial District
  • Shorewood - Cuckoo Magisterial District
  • Bluewater - Mineral Magisterial District
  • Hickory Creek Acres - Green Springs Magisterial District
  • Noahs Landing - Jackson Magisterial District
  • Freshwater Estates - Mineral Magisterial District
  • Contrary Creek - Contrary Forest - Cuckoo Magisterial District
  • Willow Brook Estates - Jackson Magisterial District
  • Hidden Hills - Green Springs Magisterial District
  • Oak Grove Estates - Mineral Magisterial District
  • Orchid Lake Estates - Cuckoo Magisterial District
  • Reedy Creek - Patrick Henry Magisterial District
  • Tara Woods - Cuckoo Magisterial District

The running at large of all dogs at any time is prohibited within the confines of the following portions of the county:
  • Mineral Trailer Park, commonly known as "MTP", Mineral Magisterial District, Louisa County, Virginia; Tax Map #43-5-B.
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What is the penalty for violation of the County Leash Law?

According to Louisa Code Sec. 14-45(3), violation of the leash ordinance is a class 4 misdemeanor. In addition, for violation of the subdivision leash ordinance any person who permits his dog to run at large in violation of this section shall be subject to a fine of not more than $100.00 for each occurrence.

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When should wildlife encounters be reported?

Louisa County Animal Control Officers will respond to the following wildlife encounters/emergencies:

  • In a home or business that poses a threat to humans or pets
  • Between humans or domestic animals that could result in rabies exposures
  • When wildlife shows signs and symptoms of rabies
  • When wildlife poses a threat to humans or pets
  • When wildlife appear sick or injured


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What sorts of wildlife/domestic animal incidents should NOT be reported to Animal Control?

Louisa County Animal Control Officers do NOT respond to the following:

  • calls reporting wildlife nuisances
  • when wildlife poses no real threat to humans or pets.


    • Wild animals living under decks, storage sheds, porches
    • Wild animals living in populated areas
    • Wild animals in attics, basements, garages and sheds
    • Wildlife has damaged gardens, flower beds or shrubs
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Do I need to have a license for my dog?

Dog licenses are mandatory in Louisa County. A license will ensure quick identification and reunion if your dog becomes lost or missing.

  • All dogs age 4 months and older must be licensed
  • Licenses are good for one year and expire December 31
  • New licenses must be purchased by January 31
  • Animal Control Officers enforce the dog license code


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How and where do I get a dog license?

The fee for a dog license is:

  • Male / Female $10.00
  • Spayed / Neutered $4.00
  • Up to 20 dog kennel $45.00
  • Up to 50 dog kennel $50.00
No license fee is charged the owners of service dogs aiding blind, deaf or mobility-impaired residents. The fee to replace a lost license tag is $1.

To obtain a dog license you must have the following:
  • A current certificate of rabies vaccination
  • Proof the dog has been spayed/neutered
  • A check made payable to County of Louisa County

Mail or deliver the required paperwork to:

County of Louisa, Treasurers Office
1 Woolfolk Avenue
P.O. Box 523
Louisa, Va 23093

Treasurers Office Web Site

Questions about dog license:

Phone 540-967-3435
Fax 540-967-0601
Office Hours Monday - Friday 8:30AM to 5:00PM

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What are the penalties for an un-licensed dog?

Penalties for an un-licensed dog:

  • A class IV misdemeanor
  • Up to $250 fine
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Where is the Animal Shelter and what are their hours?

Louisa County Animal Shelter,
18 Sacred Heart Ave (Off of Mica Rd)
Mineral, VA 23117
Animal Shelter, 10am. - 3 p.m. Tuesday-Saturday More information: 540 894 4219 Fax 540 894 4348
Animal Shelter Web Site

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What do I need to know about rabies in Louisa County?

Learn more about the rabies virus.

  • Rabies is a deadly disease, to both humans and animals
  • All dogs and cats over four months old must be vaccinated against rabies by a licensed vet
  • In Louisa, the rabies virus has appeared in raccoons, foxes, skunks, bats, and occasionally dogs, cats and ferrets
  • Minimize contact between pets and wildlife.
  • Report animal bites: 540-967-1234, 540-894-4219
  • Report animals acting strangely or altercations between wild and domestic animals: 540-967-1234, 540-894-4219
  • Learn more about this deadly virus at: www.vdh.virginia.gov/epidemiology/DEE/Rabies/
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How can I best prepare to care for my pets in the event of an emergency?

Preparing to care for your pets in an emergency:

  • The Louisa County Sheriff's Office Animal Control Division encourages pet owners to be prepared.
  • Create a disaster kit for your pets
  • Check out the Virginia Department of Emergency Management suggestions on what to include in your pet disaster preparedness kit: www.vaemergency.com/prepare/pets
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